Immigration, Screening and Border Management
One of the unique strengths that MITRE brings to this arena is our ability to collaborate openly across the company, applying solutions developed for one homeland security mission partner to the challenges faced by others.
In 2003, the Department of Homeland Security (DHS) assumed the responsibilities of the former U.S. Immigration and Naturalization Services, and the U.S. Customs Service, among other agencies. DHS is charged with many duties in this area, including executing border enforcement at and between points of entry, administering legal immigration benefits, adjudicating applications for admission to the U.S., handling changes in legal status, and other interior enforcement functions, such as investigations.
HS SEDI's Immigration and Screening (I&S) work portfolio is aligned with Mission 3 of the Quadrennial Homeland Security Review (February 2010), Enforcing and Administering Our Immigration Laws. I&S provides systems engineering, program management, and acquisition technical support to the DHS directorates, components, and stakeholders to effectively deploy technology-based identity and benefits management services. We support the components and offices involved with immigration and screening duties, by addressing issues such as:
- Program and project management
- Organizational change management
- Strategic planning and execution
- Biometrics technology research and innovation
- Biometrics standards
- Acquisition management
Through the I&S Portfolio, MITRE assists the following DHS programs and offices:
How MITRE Is Helping
- Image Regularization for
Biometric Face ID. Research into improving the performance of existing
face ID methods with preprocessing of images using regularization algorithms
to address image variability.
- The 3x2 Challenge: Improve
Fingerprint Recognition Speed by Two Orders of Magnitude While Decreasing
Cost by Three Orders of Magnitude. Research into biometric-based
identification with the objective of demonstrating practical ways to
increase the efficiency of fingerprint matching while reducing the cost.
- The EDGE: MITRE's
Advanced Technology Newsletter: "Unmanned Systems" Summer 2007 Issue [PDF, 1.1MB]. MITRE experts throughout the company
are working with government agencies to improve unmanned systems technology,
including integrating and disseminating sensor data from unmanned systems;
planning, control, and operations of unmanned systems; and safety and
Insights from Complex Biological Systems to the Exploitation of Netted
Sensors in Command and Control Enterprises. Addresses the systems
engineering challenge of fusing data from a network of sensors (netted
sensors). Fusion algorithms can combine data from heterogeneous sensors
to help identify Force Protection and Border Security threats.
Sensors May Help Secure Our Ports and Borders. This initiative
uses modeling and simulation of automatic sensing technology to detect
illicit materials entering the U.S. at ports and border crossings.
- Sensor Technologies
for Border and Cargo Security [PDF, 205KB]. Research project that explores the use of modeling and simulation
in developing concepts for a multi-sensor system to detect, screen,
and intercept chemical, biological, radiological, nuclear, and explosive
(CBRNE) materials, weapons, narcotics, and contraband at U.S. ports
- Information Sharing Risk
Assessment. Research into overcoming fears and doubts about the
risks associated with sharing information and the management of identified
- Information Sharing via
Trusted Intermediaries. Research on the issue of inadequate information
sharing during emergencies and hazardous situations, with the objective
of demonstrating that adaptive sharing policies can enhance cross-boundary
information sharing via trusted intermediaries.
- Cross-Boundary Information
Sharing. Research into technical solutions to support interconnection
of communities, information discovery, and protection of shared information.
- IQF (Image Quality
of Fingerprint) Software Application. Available as a freeware software
application, IQF provides a quantitative measure of image quality to
measure the visual quality of a digital fingerprint image and help determine
the probability of successful matching.
- Test Procedures
for Verifying Image Quality Requirements for Personal Identity Verification
(PIV) Single Finger Capture Devices. Technical paper on the test
procedures used to verify compliance of single fingerprint capture devices.
at the Border. Verifying identities at the border, while protecting
vs. Need-To-Share. Research on the challenge of
sharing information across boundaries to enhance national security.
- Engineering Calibrated
Biometrics Systems [PDF, 205KB]. Research into authentication, identification,
and detection of furtive behavior using a predictive model in conjunction
with an actual sensor environment.
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