Water-Based Textile Batteries

September 2019
Topics: Energy-Generating Resources, Sensor Technology, Electronics (General)
Dr. Nicholas S. Hudak, The MITRE Corporation
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Aqueous battery chemistries and materials are critical for water-compatible, smart textiles. Much of the previous research on textile batteries has focused on lithium-ion battery chemistries, but these are extremely sensitive to air and water. There are several water-based battery chemistries, both non-rechargeable and rechargeable, that could be successfully used in textile batteries without concern for air or water exposure. These include aqueous lithium-ion batteries, zinc-carbon batteries, alkaline batteries, zinc-ion batteries, and aqueous metal-air batteries. Herein, these batteries are discussed in detail, and recent examples of flexible or textile-based prototypes are given.


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