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U.S. Must Take a “Whole-Of-Nation” Approach to Handle Increased Competition in Space

MITRE and the Aspen Institute release groundbreaking report: “The Space Imperative: A Whole-Of-Nation Approach to a Sustainable, Secure, and Resilient Space Domain”

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McLean, Va., and Bedford, Mass., Nov. 21, 2022— As private companies and governments worldwide launch an ever-growing number of satellites and rockets into outer space, new challenges abound back on the ground. Commercial, civil, and military stakeholders need to take a comprehensive, whole-of-nation approach to handle the increased traffic—and competition—in space, according to a study released today by MITRE and the Aspen Institute.

Titled “The Space Imperative: A Whole-Of-Nation Approach to a Sustainable, Secure, and Resilient Space Domain,” the report argues that continued U.S. leadership in space is at a critical juncture. As private space companies and foreign adversaries have gotten into the game, new challenges have emerged, including “a lack of norms of responsible behavior, an outdated regulatory framework, and insufficient complementary technical infrastructure to assure the security, resilience, and sustainability of the U.S.-envisioned space environment.”

“If we act now, the United States can retain its vital role as a leader in the international space community,” said Kerry Buckley, MITRE vice president, Center for Advanced Aviation System Development, and one of the report’s authors. “Only by moving rapidly can we set the conditions for a secure space operating environment and ensure sustained economic growth.”

From November 2021 through July 2022, MITRE and Aspen Institute hosted a series of meetings focused on maintaining a U.S. competitive advantage in space, with more than 60 space stakeholders representing industry, government, academia, non-profits, and federally funded research and development centers (FFRDCs). The participants identified three overarching challenges, and today MITRE and Aspen Institute propose three corresponding recommendations:

  1. “Lead by example, declaring and enforcing norms of responsible behavior for U.S. operators that will serve as a precedent for other spacefaring nations.”
  2. “Reform the existing space regulatory structure, naming a single federal agency responsible for authorizing and overseeing U.S. commercial space missions, to both streamline approvals and better manage risk in the space domain.”
  3. “Create a forum for sustained space stakeholder engagement to enable the National Space Council to reconcile commercial, civil, and military interests and coordinate developments of complementary space systems infrastructure.”

Unlike the space race between the United States and the Soviet Union during the Cold War, today’s space competition and innovation rely more heavily on the commercial space sector. Now is the time to act, the MITRE and Aspen Institute report states. Doing so will ensure the security, resilience, and sustainability of U.S. space systems, and the space operating environment, today and in the future.

The full report can be viewed at


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Aspen Institute

The Aspen Institute is a global nonprofit organization committed to realizing a free, just, and equitable society. Founded in 1949, the Institute drives change through dialogue, leadership, and action to help solve the most important challenges facing the United States and the world. Learn more at

Media Contacts: Lisa Fasold or Jim Popkin,