Test Procedures for Verifying Image Quality Requirements for Personal Identity Verification (PIV) Single Finger Capture Devices

June 2007
Norman B. Nill, The MITRE Corporation
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In response to the August 2004 issuance of Homeland Security Presidential Directive-12 (HSPD-12), "Policy for a Common Identification Standard for Federal Employees and Contractors", the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) developed Federal Information Processing Standard-201 (FIPS-201), "Personal Identity Verification (PIV) for Federal Employees and Contractors", issued in February 2005, whose goal is to improve the identification and authentication of Federal employees and contractors for access to Federal facilities and information systems.

The Office of Management and Budget (OMB) then designated the General Services Administration (GSA) as Executive Agent for government acquisitions for implementation of HSPD-12 and FIPS-201, and directed that all PIV component products purchased by Federal agencies must be compliant with the relevant federal policy, standards, and technical specifications.

In support of HSPD-12 and FIPS-201, the Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI) developed a PIV Image Quality Specification, issued in July 2006. This FBI specification defines the quantitative image quality requirements for a single fingerprint capture device suitable for application in the PIV program. A single fingerprint capture device product must comply with the FBI's PIV specification (and complete other specified steps), in order for it to be placed on the FIPS-201 Approved List, at which time it is acceptable for purchase by Federal agencies.

This document defines and describes the test procedures used to verify compliance of single fingerprint capture devices with the FBI's PIV Image Quality Specification.

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