Wanted: Students with AI Skills for Pandemic Early Detection & ResponseMarch 2018
The specifics of the diseases that have the potential to kill thousands—or millions—of people may vary greatly. However, the best chance of combatting them is the same: early detection, early response.
By identifying an emerging pandemic and detecting how the disease is spreading, local and international healthcare organizations can mobilize earlier and take steps to halt the disease's progress.
"We believe that college students skilled in machine and deep learning can contribute new and different ideas to support health organizations' missions," says Jay Crossler, MITRE's chief engineer for Learning Systems. He is leading a series of "Hack2React" hackathons, with an event from April 13–15 in Charlottesville focused upon pandemics.
"When it comes to early detection, the incubation period is an inherent challenge," says Crossler. "Infected people can pass the disease on to friends and colleagues. Or they can get on a plane and take a budding epidemic to another continent, creating a pandemic."
For a dramatic look at just how such a disease may spread, check out Dr. Larry Brilliant's TED TALK, where he outlines the plot of the 2011 movie that he consulted on, Contagion. From an apple contaminated by a bat, to the pig who eats it, to the restaurant chef who shakes hands with a character portrayed by Gwyneth Paltrow, Brilliant discusses how diseases can be transmitted and the importance of early detection, early response.
Brilliant recorded his TED TALK in 2013, but the potential for social media to play an important role is even greater now.
Applying Machine Learning to Improve Real-Time Disease Monitoring
MITRE is inviting students from surrounding Virginia and D.C.-area colleges to strengthen their machine-learning skills to improve real-time disease monitoring. MITRE is providing cloud time, machine-learning tools, and access to big data from government organizations, such as the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. The schools include University of Virginia, Virginia Tech, James Madison University, George Mason University, Virginia Commonwealth University, the College of William & Mary, and other higher-learning institutions in the region.
"Our expectations for the Hack2React event are all about learning," Crossler says. "We'll be supplying students with real data in the format the government uses. In turn, we'll provide our sponsors with the best results from the hackathon."
In addition, MITRE will provide students with tutorials on the technologies and data provided, plus award thousands of dollars in cash prizes from our internal funds. Students will retain the rights to any techniques that they bring into the event, and will share rights with MITRE for any intellectual property that develops during the collaboration.
"Students can come to the Hack2React knowing their algorithms might someday help identify sites of disease outbreak, track them, and model their spread," Crossler says. "In short, they might save lives."
Combining Social Media with Satellite and Other Data Sources
Michael Balazs, a technology integrator at MITRE, gave a few examples of how social media might be useful for detecting an emerging epidemic or pandemic.
"For instance, would satellite images showing an increase in the number of cars in hospital parking lots reveal an uptick in the number of people who are sick within a certain geography? What if you combined that with a search of keywords from Facebook, Twitter, and other social media sites showing that many people in the same area are not feeling well? These are some of the ideas out there now, but the students may offer creative ideas we haven't even considered."
Crossler also pointed out that various clues from technology and social media might reveal different things in different parts of the world. By using algorithms to track the ways in which people come in contact with one another, it may be easier to determine how diseases spread.
"About five years ago people thought the most important determinant of reducing influenza was to ensure that nurses made it to work. But we did a massive simulation model and found that within technologically strong countries like the U.S., it was just as important that the information technology folks went to work.
"Why? Because many people will stay home when they're sick if their WIFI and cell phones work—and that reduces the spread of the disease."
That idea wouldn't have much impact in a technologically underdeveloped country. But if models show that the large numbers of people who became sick also visited restaurants the week before, perhaps shutting down the restaurants and providing packets of food at home might be a good solution.
"We don't expect students to devise such solutions within a three-day hackathon," Crossler says. "Rather, we're trying to develop ideas, algorithms, and models that public health researchers, physicians, and others can employ as tools to recognize emerging diseases and the social patterns that help them spread.
"The exciting thing about the deep-learning models we'll use at the Hack2React is that instead of just trying one idea at a time, the computer can try a hundred million at a time. We're hoping the students at the Charlottesville Hack2React will come up with something that no one has ever thought of before."
UPDATE: Registration is full for this event, but we’ll be hosting more hackathons in the future. Stay tuned for announcements and details about upcoming events. Thanks for your interest!
—by Bill Eidson